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Kukkiwon/WTF Taekwondo uses the following series of forms (called the Yudanja series) for Black Belt forms:

  • Koryo (고려) - first dan, also spelled Goryeo and Koryeo ("learned man", symbolizing a wise person)
    • An older, deprecated form called Original Koryo is also considered by some clubs/associations to be one of the Yudanja forms, but it isn't considered so by the Kukkiwon (for gradings or the Master Instructor Course) or by the WTF (for the World Poomsae Championships).
  • Keumgang (금강)) - second dan ("diamond", symbolizing hardness, unbreakable)
  • Taebaek (태백)) - third dan ("sacred mountain", symbolizing spirituality)
  • Pyongwon (평원)- fourth dan, also spelled Pyeong-won ("open plain", symbolizing peacefulness)
  • Sipjin (싶진)) - fifth dan, also spelled Shipjin ("eternal 10", symbolizing health and longevity)
  • Jitae (지태) - sixth dan (symbolizes mankind as the connection between heaven and earth)
  • Cheonkwon (천권) - seventh dan, also spelled Cheon-gwon ("sky", symbolizing piety)
  • Hansoo (한수) - eighth dan, also spelled Hansu ("water", symbolizing adaptability)
  • Ilyeo (일여) - ninth dan (symbolizing the Buddhist concept of oneness of the mind and body)

Each of the yudanja forms has a floor pattern that traces out a Chinese character or other symbol. Each character is said to represent a characteristic that should be exhibited by a taekwondo master: wise, unbreakable, spiritual, peaceful, long-lived, pious, adaptable, etc.

Yudanja Meanings

천권 (cheongwon) symbolises the sky. This form must exhibit the piety and awe that the sky commands as well as the vitality it sparks in man’s imagination, driving him to strive upward. Cheonkwon should demonstrate man’s emotions as he looks up from earth and is reminded of an eagle flying off into the clouds.

VideoEdit

The Kukkiwon video for this form is here.

Grand Master Kyu Hyung Lee - WTF Poomsae Chonkwon05:18

Grand Master Kyu Hyung Lee - WTF Poomsae Chonkwon


Diagram Edit

To print the diagram, click on the image and select "See full size image," or right-click and open the image in a new tab.

Cheonkwon 3D


Written Instructions Edit

The Beginning Edit

Cheonkwon1b Wingspread

Wingspreading Posture

Cheonkwon2c DoubleKnuckle

Double Knuckle Uppercut

  • Begin from the Overlapping Hands ready stance.
  • 1a. Without stepping, inhale while raising both hands to the chest, with the left hand on top of the right hand.
  • 1b. Without stepping, exhale while executing a Wingspreading Posture by twisting the palms outward.
  • 2a. Quickly bring the two hands down to the abdomen then raise them up past the chest and head.
  • 2b. Continue circling the arms outward, forming the hands into knuckle-fists as they reach the bottom of the circle.
  • 2c. Complete the movement in Right Tiger Stance and quickly execute a Double Knuckle Uppercut.

Moving Forward (Ga direction) Edit

Cheonkown4a PullAndTwist

(4a) Pull and twist the opponent's wrist

  • 3. Pivot in-place into a Right Front Stance and execute a Left Knifehand Twist Block.
  • 4a. Slowly and powerfully twist and pull the opponent’s wrist with the left hand.
  • 4b. Continue pulling and step forward with the left foot into Left Front stance and slowly and powerfully execute a Right Punch.
  • 5. Without stepping, execute a Right Knifehand Twist Block.
  • 6a-b. Without stepping, slowly twist and pull the opponent’s wrist with the right hand. Continue pulling and step forward with the right foot into Right Front Stance. Slowly and powerfully execute a Left Punch.
  • 7a-b. Without stepping, execute a left single Knifehand Twist Block slowly twist and pull the opponent’s wrist with the left hand.
  • 8a-b. Pivoting on the right foot, execute a Left Side Kick. Kihap. Set the left foot into Left Front Stance and execute a Left Low Block.
  • 9. Step forward with the right foot into Right Front Stance and execute a Right Punch.

Moving Right (Ra direction) Edit

Cheonkwon10 AugmentedOutwardBlock

Augmented Outward Block

Cheonkwon11a BreakGrip

(11a) Circle the arm up above the head then outward, to break the opponent's grip.

  • 10. Step with the left foot to turn 270 counterclockwise into Right Back Stance (i.e., left foot forward) and execute a Left Augmented Outward Block.
  • 11a. Raise the left arm and circle it up above the head then outward, breaking the opponent’s grip on the wrist. Then chamber the fist at the waist for the upcoming Side Punch.
  • 11b. Without stepping, execute a Left Side Punch.
  • 12a. Raise the left arm up and outward, breaking the opponent’s grip on the wrist, simultaneously stepping forward with the right foot.
  • 12b. Complete the step forward into Left Back Stance (i.e., right foot forward) and execute a Right Side Punch.

Then Moving Left (Da direction) Edit

  • 13. Step with the right foot to turn 180 clocwise into the Left Back Stance (i.e., right foot forward). Execute a Right Augmented Outward Block.
  • 14a. Raise the right arm and circle it up above the head then outward, breaking the opponent’s grip on the wrist. Then chamber the fist at the waist for the upcoming Side Punch.
  • 14b. Without stepping, execute a Right Side Punch.
  • 15a. Raise the right arm upward and outward, breaking the opponent’s grip on the wrist, simultaneously stepping forward with the left foot.
  • 15b. Complete the step forward into Right Back Stance (i.e., left foot forward). Execute a Left Side Punch.

Return to the Start Edit

Cheonkwon16 InnerForearmTwistingBlock

Inner Forearm Twisting Block

Cheonkwon21 DiamondSidePunch

Diamond Side Punch

Cheonkwon22b JumpingTurningTargetKick

Jumping Spinning Target Kick

Cheonkwon23 SingleKnifehandMountainBlock

Single Knifehand Mountain Block

Cheonkwon25a HandsOverHead

(25a) Circle the hands over the head and outward

Cheonkwon25b MountainPushing

Mountain Pushing Posture

  • 16. Stepping with the left foot, turn 90 counterclockwise into Left Front Stance and execute a Right Inner Forearm Twisting Block.
  • 17. Without stepping, execute a Left Punch.
  • 18a. With the left foot fixed, execute a Right Front Kick.
  • 18b. Set the right foot down into Right Front Stance and execute a Right Punch.
  • 19. Slide the right foot back into Left Back Stance (i.e., right foot forward) and execute a Double Knifehand Low Block.
  • 20a. Shuffle quickly forward, right foot first then left foot. Execute a Right Inward Block. Slap the right forearm with the left palm as the arms cross.
  • 20b. Continue shuffling forward, moving the right foot forward into Left Back Stance. Execute a Right Augmented Low Block. Slap the right forearm with the left palm as the arms cross.
  • 21. Slide the right foot forward into Horse-riding Stance and execute a Right Diamond Side Punch.
  • 22a-d. Jumping Spinning Target Kick:
    • a. Shift the weight onto the right foot. Life the left leg and rotate the body counterclockwise.
    • b. As the body rotates in the air, the left leg begins to drop and the right leg rises for the kick. Simultaneously, the left arm extends to form the target.
    • c. The left foot lands first, but before it touches the ground the right foot must strike the target.
    • d. Having turned 360 in the air, land with the right foot forward into Horse-riding Stance. Execute a Right Diamond Side Punch.
  • 23. Without stepping, pivot 180 counterclockwise into Right Back Stance (i.e., left foot forward). Execute a Left Knifehand Mountain Block.
  • 24. Without stepping, turn 180 clockwise into Left Back Stance (i.e., right foot forward) and execute a Right Knifehand Mountain Block.
  • 25a. Slide the left foot into a Closed Stance and bring the hands to overlap in front of the lower abdomen. Continue raising the hands in front of the chest, then the face, then overhead, circling outward.
  • 25b. As the hands reach the height of the torso, step the right foot forward into Right Tiger Stance and execute a Mountain Pushing Posture.
  • 26a. Slide the right foot back into a Closed Stance and bring the hands to overlap in front of the lower abdomen. Continue raising the hands in front of the chest, then the face, then overhead, circling outward.
  • 26b. As the hands reach the height of the torso, step the left foot forward into Left Tiger Stance and execute a Mountain Pushing Posture.
  • Step with the left foot to return to the Overlapping Hands ready position.

References Edit

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