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See main article Taekwondo Vocabulary. The table below is sorted alphabetically in English. See also Korean to English Vocabulary.

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Korean English
Jjikgi – pyongjeumok  “flat fist” at any angle 
Japgi  action of grabbing 
ieo chagi alternate legs kicking
euhkallin sonbadak alternate palm
geodeureo chigi an assisted strike, augmented
bichagi angle kick
giokja jirugi angle punch
ollyeo makgi any cover going from down to up, olgulmakgi
bakkat makgi any inside-to-outside block
ttwieo chagi any jump kick
bada chagi any kick as counter kick
balbutyeo chagi any kick as fast kick, from the lead leg
an makgi any outside-to-inside block
yeop makgi  any side block
naeyeo chigi any target strike to your own hand
bandal son arc-hand
boosabum assistant instructor
swiyo at ease
dwi chigi attacking opponent behind you
charyot attention
charyot seogi attention stance
dwit palkup back elbow
sondung back hand 
dwit chook back heel
dwi chagi back kick
dwit cha jirugi back piercing kick
dwit kumchi back sole
dwi koobi back stance
dung joomuk backfist
mulleo ditgi backward moving footwork
duruogi backwards
hu jin backwards
ap kumchi ball of the foot
kibon poomsae basic form
kicho hyeong basic form
kibon junbi basic ready
gomson bear hand 
shi-jack begin
ti belt
guburyo junbi seogi bending ready stance
dan black belt level
makgi block
chung blue
chung seung blue wins
kyup-ka board breaking
mo seogi body facing at 45 degree posture
modum chagi both feet kick same time
kyong ye bow
dwi joo muk boxing cross
kalyeo break
hohup jojul breath control
hwangsoo makgi bulls block 
juchum seogi chambered posture from squat position
georeo makgi check attack early in attack phase
momchau makgi checking block
cha momchugi checking kick
dollimyo makgi circular block
dollyeo chigi circular or round shape attacks, even with knee
moa seogi close stance
jeocheon jireugi close up upper cut type punch
keup level colour belt grade
gyeorugi junbi confrontation ready
yonsok chagi consecutive kick
kaesok continue
milchyeonaegi control distance, adjust opponents position using hand/foot
bichagiro paddo chagi counter angle kick
dwichagiro paddo chagi counter back kick
ye ui courtesy
hakdari seogi crane-leg-posture, crane stance
bandal crescent
bandal chagi crescent kick
kkoa seogi cross stance posture
ghutgi cross-cut 
gyeotdari seogi crouching position stance
gam jeom deduction (1 point)
sasun seogi diagonal stance
sugyeo pihagi dip upper body down
hae san dismiss
meolli ttwigi distance jump
pihagi dodging
doo bandal son double arc hand
narae chagi double bichagi
doo palmok double forearm 
dubal dangseong chagi double jump front kick
narae chagi double kick, first kick is feint, second leg kicks opponent hard
gawi chagi double side kick
naeryo downward 
nulleo ppaegi downward escape motions
naeryeo chagi downward kick
naeryeo jireugi downward vertical punch
yodul eight
palkup elbow
bojumeok junbi enveloped fist (covered fist) ready stance
ye jol etiquette
moa seogi feet together stance
kyorugi fighting
kyorumsae fighting stance
songarak badak finger belly 
pyon sonkeut finger tip strike
sonkeut fingertip
dasot five
gojung seogi fixed stance
opun sonkut flat fingertip
gongjungjebi chagi flip upside down 360 degree, kick, and land back on feet
twimyo flying
jajun bal foot shifting
balkal  footsword
inji joomuk fore knuckle fist
palmok forearm
ap joo muk forefist punch, boxing jab
hyeong form / pattern
poomsae form / pattern
teul form / pattern
naeditgi forward moving footwork
gulleo chagi forward roll, kick right at end of roll
chun jin forwards
nagagi forwards 
net four
saju makgi four directional block
saju jireugi four directional punch
jayu matsogi free sparring 
ap front 
ap naeryo taerigi front downward strike
ap palkup taerigi front elbow strike
ap chagi front kick
ap bal bichagi front leg bichagi
ap koobi front long stance
J jireugi “Geee-roo-ki”  front of fingers, straight in attack weak area
ap seogi front stance (called Walking Stance in WTF)
gibon yonsup fundamental exercise
japgo chagi grab opponent and kick them
danggyeo chigi grab opponent and strike
saseong grand master
kwan jang nim grandmaster instructor
jeothyeoj jireugi groin/lower abdomen attack, as in Koryo poomsae
daebi makgi guarding block
oesanteul makgi half mountain block
nopunde high
aulgool makki high block
nopun palkup high elbow
nopi ttwigi high jump
nopun bubun high section
georeo neomgigi hook opponents leg, tripping, sweeping, also use arm to push chest/body at same time
golcho makgi hooking block
golcho chagi hooking kick
soopyong jirugi horizontal block
jejariditgi in place bouncing
baekjul boolgool indomitable spirit
an palmok inner forearm
aneso pahkuro inside to outside
bakkat chagi inside-to-outside crescent kick
bakkat chigi inside-to-outside strike
baldung instep
gyo sa nim instructor
sabum instructor
yom chi integrity
anuro inward 
ttwieo dolgi jump and spin
ttwieo neomgi jump over obstacle
twigi jumping
poom level junior black belts
chagi kick
chagi  kicking motion
moorup knee
sonnal mok chigi knife hand strike
sonkal knifehand
songarak joomuk knuckle fist
niunja seogi l stance
gyeopson junbi layer hand ready, like in pyongwon
jeothyeo pihagi lean body back
wen left 
wen jok left side
deureo neomgigi lift opponent off feet to make fall down
yeop seogi like naranhiseogi (parallel stance), but with one foot pointing to side
tong milgi junbi log trunk pushing ready
najunde low
are makki low block
sonnal area makki low knife hand block
najun bubun low section
nachuo seogi low stance
yuin makgi luring block
hwidulleo ppaegi make large body motion to break opponents grip
moo ye martial arts
sahyun master
sa bum nim master instructor
chi jireugi medium range upside down punch, to chin
twio dolmyo chagi mid-air kick
kaunde middle
momtong makki middle block
kaunde bubun middle section
sonnal momtong makki middleknife hand block
santeul makgi mountain block variations
moditgi moving to 45 degree from original position
doraditgi multi-directional footwork, changing direction
dabanghyang chagi multiple areal kicking breaks
ahop nine
makgi noun: describing action of covering, or blocking
ppaegi noun: describing action of hoshinsul, to escape grab
neomgigi  noun: describing action of hoshinsul, to make your opponent fall down
kkeokgi  noun: describing action of hoshinsul, to stop opponents hold
ttwigi noun: describing action of jumping attack
milgi noun: describing action of pushing
ditgi noun: describing action of steps while keeping fighting stance
hana one
waebal sog one leg stance
ilbo matsogi one step sparring
pyon joomuk open fist
teureo ppaegi open hand wide, immediately followed by quick escape motion
nakka chagi opponent avoid your side kick, then with same leg you attack with knee or heel 
bitereo chigi opposite-of-stance twist strike
bakat palmok outer forearm
bakat makgi outside block
pahnkeso ahnuro outside to inside
an chagi outside to inside axe kick
an chigi outside to inside strike
bakuro outward
sonbadak palm
naranhi seogi parallel stance
tul pattern
in nae perseverance
gokaeng-i chagi pick shape kick
cha jirugi piercing kick
se yo please
noollo makgi pressing block
noollo chagi pressing kick
jireugi punch
chetdari jireugi punch with both fist at same time
eopeoj jireugi punch with fist turned downside up
dwi jireugi punching behind you only to face of opponent
mireo chagi push kick
mireo makgi pushing block
jhoonbi ready
junbi ready
junbijase  ready pose
jhoonbi seogi ready stance
junbi seogi ready stance
dwit bal seogi rear foot stance
dwi bal yop chagi rear leg side kick
hong red
hong seung red wins
geodeo makgi redirect cover
bada makgi reduce force of impact by moving  body in same direction as strike; i.e., “rolling with the punches”
swiyo relax
geodeup chagi repeat kicking with leg in air
barro return to ready position
pharo return to ready stance
bandae reverse
balkal dung reverse footsword 
bandae dollyo goro chagi reverse hooking kick
sonkal dung reverse knifehand
bandae dollyo chagi reverse turning kick
joochum seogi riding stance
joochumseo momtong jieurgi riding stance w/ middle punch
oreun right 
oreun jok right side
chookyo makgi rising block
cha olligi rising kick
kyung rye salute
duro makgi scooping block
eedan second level
guk gi self control 
hosin sul self defence tech
ho sin sool self-defence
ban jayoo matsogi semi free sparring 
ilgop seven 
yeop side
yeopdwi side back
yeop naeryo taerigi side downward strike
yeop joomuk side fist
yobap side front
yeop baldung side instep
yeop chagi side kick
yeop cha jirugi side piercing kick
yeop jireugi side punch by twisting the waist
yeop cha milgi side pushing kick 
yeop bal badak side sole
yeopditgi side step
yeop cha tulgi side thrusting kick
wheng jin sideways, laterally
hwaldung pahdo sine wave
wae single
gawi makgi sissors cover
anjo sit
annun seogi sitting stance
yosot six 
pyo jok chagi slap (inside cresent) kick
mikulgi sliding
idan bichagi sliding in bichagi
mireo naegi slow steady motion
bawi milgi slow tension motion, pushing bolder (found in Sipjin poomsae)
tong milgi slow tension motion, pushing log. Word from “tongnamu” tree trunk
taesan milgi slow, strong tension motion, push big mountain
matsogi sparring
tukgi special technique
hwechook chagi spinning hook kick
gujari dolgi spot turning 
hecheo makgi spreading block
cha bapgi stamping kick
sogi stance
seogi stance, posture
sijak start
jitjjiki step and/or stomp of opponents foot to trap them 
omgyo didimyo dolgi step turning
omgyo didigi stepping 
doljjeogwi stone holding position, both large and small hinge shape
geuman stop
sun palkup straight elbow
sun sonkut straight fingertip
taerigi strike
ap chigi strike to front
ollyeo chigi strikes from low to high
yeop chigi strikes to side
jeja student 
geodeureo makgi support block augmented
suroh chagi sweeping kick
do bok taekwondo uniform
pyojeok jireugi target punching
yol ten
tkd jungshin tenets of tkd
ko map som nee da  thank for (formal)
kahm sa ham ni da thank you (very formal)
set three
sambo matsogi three step sparring
tulgi thrust
umji thumb
beom seogi tiger stance
nulleo kkeokgi to push or press down your attacker
kukki day ha yu to the flag
jaro to the left
uro to the right
biteureo kkeokgi to twist or torque against your attacker
balkut toes
do jang training gym, training studio
dwi dora turn around
dwiro dora turn around 
dolgi turning
dollyo chagi turning kick, round kick
sang twin
sang palmok makgi twin forearm block
chyyeo makgi twist your body away from strike in opposite direction as front leg
biteureo makgi twist your body away from strike in same direction as front leg
teur-eo twisting
biteureo chagi twisting inverted round kick, like Taekkyon's bit-chagi
bituro chagi twisting kick
dool two
dujumeokheori junbi two fist at waist ready stance
ibo matsogi two step sparring
digeutja makgi u-shape block 
digeutja japgi u-shaped grasp
digeutja jirugi u-shaped punch (double punch)
teuksupum  unique posture shape
teureo pihagi upper body twist in direction of back foot
biteureo pihagi upper body twist in direction of front foot
wi palkup upper elbow
dwijibun sonkut upset fingertip
dwijibo jirugi upset punch
ollyo upward
pyojeok chagi use own hand as target for strike, as in poomsae
pyojeok chigi use self as target
pihagi  using avoidance skills
cha makgi using kicks to cover/block
naeryeo makgi variations of any downward cover, low block
nulleo makgi variations of downward pushing block
geumgang makgi variations of keumgang warrior block/cover
huryeo chagi variations of spin back hook kick
jebipoom chigi various high sections block and simultaneous strike
dolgae chagi various hook kicks
dollyeo jireugi various hook punches
geumgang jireugi various Keumgang warrior punches
dollyeo chagi various round kicks
chigi  various strikes that use  striking areas of the arm, except forefist and spearhand
sewo chagi vertical kick
sewo jireugi vertical punch
soojik seogi vertical stance
kupso vital spots
san makgi w-shape block
hori makgi waist block
han goellum naga dwi chagi walk back kick (360)
momtong jireugi walking punch
gunnun seogi walking stance
kyong-go warning (1/2 point)
moosa junbi seogi warrior ready stance
doro chagi waving kick
taekwondo way of kicking and punching
nalgaepyeogi wing spread motion
kyocha sondung x-back hand
kyocha joomuk x-fist 
kyocha sonkal x-knifehand
kyocha seogi x-stance
chun mhan eh yo you're welcome

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