KIM, Kwan-il (1939-2001) contributed to the introduction of taekwondo into West Germany. He was head instructor of the ITF in West Germany until October 1971. In 1975, Kim was ranked 6th dan in the ITF. He promoted Rolf Becking, head of the ITF Germany Technical Committee, to the rank of 2nd dan in 1976 in Stuttgart, West Germany. Between 1974 and 1977 Kim owned a restaurant in Stuttgart and had completed training as a brewmeister prior to 1974.