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Munmu of Silla

Munmu of Silla

Moon-Moo is one of the 4th degree black belt forms used in ITF-style taekwondo. This form honours Moon-Moo (Munmu), the 30th King of the Silla dynasty. According to his will, the body was placed in the sea "Where my soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese." The 61 movements represent the last two figures of 661 C.E when Moon-Moo came to the throne.

Video Edit

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Moon-Moo Tul02:01

Moon-Moo Tul


Diagram Edit

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Written Instructions Edit

Lines Sam-Il

The lines of Moon-Moo (student view)

  • Ready Posture: Parallel Ready Stance
  • Step 1. Turn the face to B while forming a right bending ready A toward B. Perform in a slow motion.
  • Step 2. Execute a high side piercing kick to B with the left foot. Perform in a slow motion.
  • Step 3. Execute a high side piercing kick to B with the left foot. Perform 2 and 3 in a double kick.
  • Step 4. Lower the left foot to B to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a middle thrust to D with the right flat fingertip.
  • Step 5. Execute a high reverse hooking kick to B with the right foot. Perform in a slow motion.
  • Step 6. Lower the right foot to B in a jumping motion to form a right X-stance toward C while executing a middle side strike to B with the right knife-hand.
  • Step 7. Move the left foot to A forming a left walking stance toward A while executing a pressing block to A with the right palm.
  • Step 8. Move the right foot to A to form a right walking stance toward A at the same time executing a pressing block with the left palm.
  • Step 9. Execute a high side block to B with the left knife-hand and a low side block to A with the right knife-hand while forming a right one-leg stance toward D, pulling the left reverse footsword to the right knee joint. Perform in slow motion.
  • Step 10. Lower the left foot to the right foot and then turn the face to A while forming a left bending ready stance A toward A. Perform in slow motion.
  • Step 11. Execute a high side piercing kick to A with the right foot. Perform in a slow motion.
  • Step 12. Execute a high side piercing kick to A with the right foot. Perform 11 and 12 in a double kick.
  • Step 13. Lower the right foot to a to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a middle thrust to D with the left flat fingertip.
  • Step 14. Execute a high reverse hooking kick to A with the left foot. Perform in a slow motion.
  • Step 15. Lower the left foot to A in a jumping motion to form a left X-stance toward C while executing a middle side strike to A with the left knife-hand.
  • Step 16. Move the right foot to B forming a right walking stance toward B while executing a pressing block to B with the left palm.
  • Step 17. Move the left foot to B to form a left walking stance toward B at the same time executing a pressing block with the right palm.
  • Step 18. Execute a high side block to A with the right knife-hand and a low side block to B with the left knife-hand while forming a left one-leg stance toward D, pulling the right reverse footsword to the left knee joint. Perform in slow motion.
  • Step 19. Turn the face to C while forming a left bending ready stance B toward D.
  • Step 20. Execute a high back piercing kick to C with the right foot. Perform in slow motion.
  • Step 21. Lower the right foot to C to form a left walking stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.
  • Step 22. Turn the face to C while forming a right bending ready stance B toward D.
  • Step 23. Execute a high back piercing kick to C with the left foot. Perform in slow motion.
  • Step 24. Lower the left foot to C to form a right walking stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the left fist.
  • Step 25. Slide to C forming a right rear foot stance toward D while executing a downward block with the left palm.
  • Step 26. Execute a middle side front snap kick to D with the left foot keeping the position of the hands as they were in 25.
  • Step 27. Lower the left foot to D and then move the right foot to C in a stamping motion to form a sitting stance toward A while executing a middle side strike to C with the right side fist.
  • Step 28. Slide to C maintaining a sitting stance toward A while executing a scooping block with the left palm.
  • Step 29. Execute a middle punch to A with the right fist while maintaining a sitting stance toward A. Perform 28 and 29 in a connecting motion.
  • Step 30. Execute a low side block to D with the left knife-hand while maintaining a sitting stance toward A.
  • Step 31. Move the left foot just beyond the right foot in a quick motion while executing a middle side pushing kick to C with the right foot.
  • Step 32. Lower the right foot to C and then execute a high reverse turning kick to C with the left foot.
  • Step 33. Lower the left foot to C to form a left walking stance toward C while executing a high side block to C with the left knife-hand.
  • Step 34. Slide to D forming a left rear foot stance toward C while executing a downward block with the right palm.
  • Step 35. Execute a middle side front snap kick to C with the right foot keeping the position of the hands as they were in 34.
  • Step 36. Lower the right foot to C and then move the left foot to D in a stamping motion to form a sitting stance toward A while executing a middle side strike to D with the left side fist.
  • Step 37. Slide to D maintaining a sitting stance toward A while executing a scooping block with the right palm.
  • Step 38. Execute a middle punch to A with the left fist while maintaining a sitting stance toward A. Perform 37 and 38 in a connecting motion.
  • Step 39. Execute a low side block to C with the right knife-hand while maintaining a sitting stance toward A.
  • Step 40. Move the right foot just beyond the left foot in a quick motion while executing a middle side pushing kick to D with the left foot.
  • Step 41. Lower the left foot to D and then execute a high reverse turning kick to D with the right foot.
  • Step 42. Lower the right foot to D to form a right walking stance toward D while executing a high side block to D with the right knife-hand.
  • Step 43. Move the left foot to D and then execute a high twisting kick to AD with the right foot.
  • Step 44. Lower the right foot to C forming a left walking stance toward D while executing a side back strike to C with the right back fist and extending the left fist to D.
  • Step 45. Execute a front strike to D with the right back fist while shifting to C maintaining a left walking stance toward D.
  • Step 46. Move the right foot to D and then execute a high twisting kick to BD with the left foot.
  • Step 47. Lower the left foot to C to form a right walking stance toward D while executing a side back strike to C with the left back fist and extending the right fist to D.
  • Step 48. Execute a front strike to D with the left back fist while shifting to C maintaining a right walking stance toward D.
  • Step 49. Execute a sweeping kick to D with the left side sole keeping the position of the hands as they were in 48 and then lower it to D forming a right L-stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with the forearm.
  • Step 50. Execute a side checking kick to D and then again a middle side thrusting kick to D with the left foot forming a forearm guarding block. Perform in a consecutive kick.
  • Step 51. Lower the left foot to D forming a right L-stance toward D while executing a middle outward strike to D with the left knife-hand.
  • Step 52. Execute a sweeping kick to D with the right side sole and then lower it to D to form a left L-stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with the forearm.
  • Step 53. Execute a side checking kick to D and then again a middle side thrusting kick to D with the right foot forming a forearm guarding block. Perform in a consecutive kick.
  • Step 54. Lower the right foot to D forming a left L-stance toward D while executing a middle outward strike to D with the right knife-hand.
  • Step 55. Move the right foot to C and then turn counter clockwise pivoting with the right foot to form a left walking stance toward C while executing a middle punch to C with the right fist.
  • Step 56. Jump to C to form a right X-stance toward AC while executing a low punch to C with the left fist and bringing the right fist on the left shoulder.
  • Step 57. Jump to D forming a left X-stance toward AD while executing a low punch to D with the right fist and bringing the left fist on the right shoulder.
  • Step 58. Jump to execute a mid-air kick to D with the right foot while spinning clockwise.
  • Step 59. Land to D to form a left L-stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with a knife-hand.
  • Step 60. Move the right foot to the side rear of the left foot and then the left foot to C to form a right walking stance toward D while executing a rising block with the left arc-hand.
  • Step 61. Execute a high punch to D with the right fist while maintaining a right walking stance toward D.
  • End: Bring the foot back to a ready position

Black Belt Forms Edit

The ITF-style Black Belt forms are:

Forms no longer used:

* Ko-Dang is an older form, replaced with Juche. Ko-Dang is still taught in some schools however.

U-Nam is an ITF/Chang Hon-style form that appears only in the 1959 edition of Choi Hong Hi's Tae Kwon Do Teaching Manual.

References Edit

The primary reference is:

The following websites are also particularly good online references for ITF-style taekwondo:

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