Oh Do Kwan was one of the original martial arts schools ("kwans") that opened in Korea after the end of World War II.
General Choi Hong Hi with support from Nam Tae Hi founded the Oh Do Kwan in 1953 as part of the Republic of Korea Army's Physical Training Program. Though initially founded as a school for military training, the kwan soon developed a civilian annex as well. The primary civilian annex was called Dae Han Taekwon-Do Oh Do Kwan Jung Ang Bon Kwan. The civilian annex was located in Seoul, as were all the major kwans at that time. Oh Do Kwan also taught Korean Police throughout South Korea, and instructed at some universities as well.
The first people to instruct the army in martial arts were Nam Tae Hi, Woo Jong Lim, Ko Jae Chun, Kim Suk Kyu, Baek Joon Ki, Kwak Keun Sik, Kim Bong Sik, Han Cha Kyo Chung Jang Keun, and Kim Bok Man, almost all of whom were originally Chung Do Kwan members. Chung Do Kwan members brought into Oh Do Kwan by senior Chung Do Kwan members Nam Tae Hi and Han Cha Kyo.
The first documented patterns to be unique to Taekwon-do were taught at Oh Do Kwan. These were the Chang Hun tul; these were designed primarily by General Choi, with assistance from Nam Tae Hi and Han Cha Kyo. These patterns were spread throughout the world by General Choi upon his creation of the International Taekwon-Do Federation in 1966.
Today the Oh Do Kwan still exist in Korea as a social club and has an annual celebration every year in Seoul. Oh Do Kwan was dissolved as a martial art system in the mid-1970s. The Oh Do Kwan social club adopted the Kukkiwon style of taekwondo in 1972. Oh Do Kwan's current president is Han Myung Hak.
- Founder: General Choi Hong Hi
- 1955: began teaching Taekwondo to the Korean Army
- July 1959: opened to the public
See Also Edit
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