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Seosan Daesa-Cheonghodang

Choi Hyong Ung

So-San is one of the 5th degree black belt forms used by ITF-style taekwondo. So San is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong Ung (1520 to 1604 C.E.) of the Yi dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he organised a corps of monk soldiers with the assistance of his pupil Sa Myung Dang. The monk soldiers helped repel the Japanese pirates who overran much of the Korean peninsular in 1592 C.E.

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So-San Tul01:36

So-San Tul


Diagram Edit

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Written Instructions Edit

Lines Sam-Il

The lines of So-San (student view)

  • Ready Posture: Closed Ready Stance A
  • Step 1. Slide to C to form a right rear foot stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with the forearm.
  • Step 2. Execute a middle vertical punch to D with the right fist while forming a left walking stance toward D, slipping the left foot.
  • Step 3. Slide to C to form a left rear foot stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with the forearm.
  • Step 4. Execute a middle vertical punch to D with the left fist while forming a right walking stance toward D, slipping the right foot.
  • Step 5. Execute a high side block to BC with the right knife-hand while forming a left walking stance toward BC.
  • Step 6. Execute a middle punch to BD with the left fist while forming a sitting stance toward BD. Perform 5 and 6 in a fast motion.
  • Step 7. Execute a high side block to BD with the left knife-hand while forming a right walking stance toward BD.
  • Step 8. Execute a middle punch to BD with the right fist while forming a sitting stance toward BD. Perform 7 and 8 in a fast motion.
  • Step 9. Move the right foot to C turning clockwise to form a parallel stance toward A while executing a horizontal strike with a twin knife-hand.
  • Step 10. Execute a high side piercing kick to C with the right foot keeping the position of the hands as they were in 9.
  • Step 11. Execute a high turning kick to D with the right foot. Perform 10 and 11 in a continuous kick.
  • Step 12. Lower the right foot to D in a jumping motion to form a right X-stance toward BD while executing a high side strike to D with the right back fist and bringing the left finger belly to the right side fist.
  • Step 13. Move the left foot to C forming a parallel stance toward B while executing a horizontal strike with a twin knife-hand.
  • Step 14. Execute a high side piercing kick to C with the left foot keeping the position of the hands as they were in 13.
  • Step 15. Execute a high turning kick to D with the left foot. Perform 14 and 15 in a continuous kick.
  • Step 16. Lower the left foot to D in a jumping motion to form a left X-stance toward AD while executing a high side strike to D with the left back fist and bringing the right finger belly to the left side fist.
  • Step 17. Move the left foot to A forming a right L-stance toward A executing a low punch to A with a left double fist.
  • Step 18. Bring the right palm on the left fore fist and then twist them counter clockwise until the left back fist faces downward while forming a left walking stance toward A, slipping the left foot. Perform in a releasing motion.
  • Step 19. Execute a high punch to A with the right fist while maintaining a left walking stance toward A.
  • Step 20. Move the left foot on line AB to form a left L-stance toward B while executing a low punch to B with a right double fist.
  • Step 21. Bring the left palm on the right fore fist and then twist them clockwise until the right back fist faces downward while forming a right walking stance toward B, slipping the right foot. Perform in a releasing motion.
  • Step 22. Execute a high punch to B with the left fist while maintaining a right walking stance toward B.
  • Step 23. Slide to B to form a right L-stance toward B while executing an upset punch to B with the right middle knuckle fist and bringing the left side fist in front of the right shoulder.
  • Step 24. Execute a front strike to B with the right back fist while forming a left walking stance toward B, slipping the right foot.
  • Step 25. Slide to A, turning clockwise to form a left L-stance toward A while executing an upset punch to A with the left middle knuckle fist and bringing the right side fist in front of the left shoulder.
  • Step 26. Execute a front strike to A with the left back fist while forming a right walking stance toward A, slipping the left foot.
  • Step 27. Move the left foot to D forming a right walking ready stance toward C.
  • Step 28. Jump to execute a flying front snap kick to C with the right foot.
  • Step 29. Land to C forming a left L-stance toward C while executing a middle guarding block to C with a knife-hand.
  • Step 30. Move the right foot to D to form a left walking stance toward C while executing a high front block with the right forearm.
  • Step 31. Execute a middle punch to C with the left fist while shifting to C, maintaining a left walking stance toward C.
  • Step 32. Turn clockwise, pivoting with the left foot to form a right walking stance toward D while executing a high front block with the left forearm.
  • Step 33. Execute a middle punch to D with the right fist while shifting to D, maintaining a right walking stance toward D.
  • Step 34. Execute a middle block to BC with a double arc-hand while forming a left walking stance toward BC and looking through the hands.
  • Step 35. Execute a high inward strike to BC with the right knife-hand and bringing the left side fist in front of the right shoulder while maintaining a left walking stance toward BC.
  • Step 36. Execute a circular block to BD with the left inner forearm while forming a right walking stance toward D.
  • Step 37. Execute a high punch to D with the right fist while maintaining a right walking stance toward D.
  • Step 38. Execute a low front snap kick to D with the left foot keeping the position of the hands as they were in 37.
  • Step 39. Lower the left foot to D forming a left walking stance toward D while executing amiddle punch to D with the left fist.
  • Step 40. Execute a middle punch to D with the right fist while maintaining a left walking stance toward D. Perform 39 and 40 in a fast motion.
  • Step 41. Execute a rising block with an X-knife-hand while maintaining a left walking stance toward D.
  • Step 42. Execute a middle block to AC with a double arc-hand while forming a right walking stance toward AC and looking through the hands.
  • Step 43. Execute a high inward strike to AC with the left knife-hand and bringing the right side fist in front of the left shoulder while maintaining a right walking stance toward AC.
  • Step 44. Execute a circular block to AD with the right inner forearm while forming a left walking stance toward D.
  • Step 45. Execute a high punch to D with the left fist while maintaining a left walking stance toward D.
  • Step 46. Execute a low front snap kick to D with the right foot keeping the position of the hands as they were in 45.
  • Step 47. Lower the right foot to D forming a right walking stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.
  • Step 48. Execute a middle punch to D with the left fist while maintaining a right walking stance toward D. Perform 47 and 48 in a fast motion.
  • Step 49. Execute a rising block with an X-knife-hand while maintaining a right walking stance toward D.
  • Step 50. Move the left foot to D, and then slide to D, turning counter-clockwise to form a right L-stance toward C while executing a low guarding block to C with a knife-hand.
  • Step 51. Jump to C, spinning counter-clockwise to form a right L-stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with the forearm.
  • Step 52. Execute a low block to D with the right knife-hand and a middle outward block to D with the left inner forearm while forming a left walking stance toward D, slipping the left foot.
  • Step 53. Execute a high punch to D with the right fist while maintaining a left walking stance toward D. Perform 52 and 53 in a continuous motion.
  • Step 54. Execute a middle punch to D with the left fist while forming a right L-stance toward D, pulling the left foot.
  • Step 55. Move the right foot to D, and then slide to D, turning clockwise to form a left L-stance toward C while executing a low guarding block to C with a knife-hand.
  • Step 56. Jump to C, spinning clockwise to form a left L-stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with the forearm.
  • Step 57. Execute a low block to D with the left knife-hand and a middle outward block to D with the right inner forearm while forming a right walking stance toward D slipping the right foot.
  • Step 58. Execute a high punch to D with the left fist while maintaining a right walking stance toward D. Perform 57 and 58 in a continuous motion.
  • Step 59. Execute a middle punch to D with the right fist while forming a left L-stance toward D, pulling the right foot.
  • Step 60. Move the right foot to the side rear of the left foot, and then slide to C, forming a left L-stance toward D at the same time executing a scooping block with the right palm.
  • Step 61. Shift to D, maintaining a left L-stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the left fist.
  • Step 62. Turn clockwise while forming a left bending ready stance A toward C.
  • Step 63. Execute a high side piercing kick to C with the right foot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 62.
  • Step 64. Lower the right foot to C, forming a right walking stance toward C while executing a middle punch to C with the left fist.
  • Step 65. Move the right foot to D, forming a right L-stance toward C while executing a middle guarding block to C with a knife-hand.
  • Step 66. Move the left foot to the side rear of the right foot, and then slide to D, forming a right L-stance toward C while executing a scooping block with the left palm.
  • Step 67. Shift to C, maintaining a right L-stance toward C while executing a middle punch to C with the right fist.
  • Step 68. Turn counter-clockwise while forming a right bending ready stance A toward C.
  • Step 69. Execute a high side piercing kick to D with the left foot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 68.
  • Step 70. Lower the left foot to D to form a left walking stance toward D at the same time executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.
  • Step 71. Move the left foot to C to form a left L-stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with a knife-hand.
  • Step 72. Execute a high punch to D with the right fist while forming a right walking stance toward D, slipping the right foot. Perform 71 and 72 in a continuous motion.
  • End: Bring the foot back to a ready position

Black Belt Forms Edit

The ITF-style Black Belt forms are:

Forms no longer used:

* Ko-Dang is an older form, replaced with Juche. Ko-Dang is still taught in some schools however.

U-Nam is an ITF/Chang Hon-style form that appears only in the 1959 edition of Choi Hong Hi's Tae Kwon Do Teaching Manual.

References Edit

The primary reference is:

The following websites are also particularly good online references for ITF-style taekwondo:

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