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So Rim Jang Kwon

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This form is a traditional taekwondo form, meaning it pre-dates contemporary forms (such as those used by the ITF, ATA, and WTF). In other words, this is a form used during the 1950s within the Nine Kwans that eventually came together to form taekwondo.

  • Older forms such as this one were often based on forms from other martial arts.
  • The details and names of these older forms tend to vary more widely from school to school as well.

The version shown here is just one version; the reader should recognize that there will be variations among schools.

The Chinese forms So Rim Jang Kwon and Tae Kuk Kwan forms were introduced to Traditional Taekwondo by Hwang Kee.

So Rim Jang Kwon is the Korean pronunciation of Shaolin Chang Quan or "Little Forest Temple Long Fist." Unlike the traditional Tang Soo Do forms from Japan, its versions contain between 17 and 24 kicks. This is an unusually high amount of kicks even for a Shaolin Long Fist form. A slightly different version is still practiced today in some modern kung fu schools as Jie Quan "Connecting Fist."

Video Edit

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精武基本十套-節拳 Ten Fundamental Chinwoo Routines Jie Quan01:06

精武基本十套-節拳 Ten Fundamental Chinwoo Routines Jie Quan


Diagram Edit

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Written Instructions Edit

Translation from Hwang Kee's book:

  1. This military exercise is a same overflow as "Naianghi" form. but it's movements starts more from the middle than "Naianghi" form and moves toward left and upward.
  2. The ready stance is in triangle position and relaxed.
  3. Facing front, raise elbows in horizontal position.
  4. This form starts with the extension of the right hand.
  5. the left hand hits the right hand at the point and then the hands cross each other move hands toward the right center.
  6. Make one step to the right, face front, make a same position as #3
  7. The body and eyes face the same direction. Turn left and lift the right leg to left side take 1 step and face front of form...both hands will be raised
  8. Keep the left side same step to a horse stance with the left hands in fighting stance.
  9. The right foot will stay the same. The left foot will face left side. Turn toward the front. The body will face front.
  10. Facing left, the left foot will stay in place. Make right foot attack (type of kick not clear) and land in defensive stance.
  11. In the same stance, the left arm will extend toward the right side, the right fist will turn downward
  12. The right foot will steps to right side and bends at the knee (probably front stance). The front side of your body will face the front of form and your eyes will be looking to the left side. The left foot will be extended. The right hand will block upward. The left hand will block upward (probably reverse high block).
  13. The left foot will face left. The body and eyes will face towards the back of the form and repeat the motions in #8
  14. Same motions as #9.
  15. The left foot stays the same. The right foot comes together towards the left foot. Your head turns towards the back of the form and make a high punch.
  16. Lift left foot and raise body upward.
  17. The right foot will stay on floor and pivot and the left foot will face the right side with the head turned to the right. Same action as #7.
  18. Twist to a reverse front stance facing left side of form. Head turned to the right side and prepare for attack (defensive stance). Execute a left punch and backfist.
  19. The right foot will make a front kick to the front land in front stance
  20. Facing the right side the left foot will stay right side and the right foot will step once and make front kick.
  21. Same as #20 except reverse left and right.
  22. Same as #21 except reverse left and right.
  23. Turn toward left, the left foot will be make a fighting stance and execute a middle punch.
  24. The right fist will punch the left side
  25. Same as #24 except reverse left and right
  26. Same as #25 except reverse left and right. Open the left hand and push forward
  27. The left foot will lift to the right side. The right side will be centered and lift the left foot, and make a right hand high block and a simultaneous left arm low block.
  28. With both hands push forward. Then make a right hand low block. The head and body will face the left side of the form.
  29. The left foot will stay the same. the left hand will open and push forward
  30. The right foot will turn towards the back of the form and bend at the knee
  31. Step forward one step
  32. Kick with left foot. The right hand will be open and hold the left hand.
  33. The right foot will execute a front kick before the left foot touches the ground.
  34. Facing the back of the form, put the feet together. the arme will make a middle block (probably an inside to outside block).
  35. Turning hips to the left, the body will face the right side of the form. The left foot steps one step, both hands will be the same as #34.
  36. The right foot moves forward, the left hand will punch forward. the right hand will punch to the right side.
  37. The left foot will step forward
  38. the right foot will step forward, jump in the air and turn to the left side of the form. The face and body will continue to face the front. Stay in the horse stance. The left hand will face downward.
  39. The right foot stays the same. The left foot moves to the right bringing both feet together. The left hand makes a middle block and the right hand extends forward.
  40. Same as #7
  41. Same as #8
  42. Turn left, attack the middle...same as #20
  43. Same as #42, except reverse the left and right
  44. Same as #42, the opposite of #43
  45. Turn left, the head and body will face the right side of the form. The right foot will stay on the ground. The left foot will lift and the execute a right high block.
  46. At the time the left foot touches the ground. The body will be facing the rear of the form. The upper body will turn towards the back of the form and both hands will stretch forward.
  47. Same as #46, the right foot will step forward. the left foot will be facing the right side of the form. Execute a right punch.
  48. Before the left foot lands, the right foot will make a front kick
  49. Both feet land together, twist hips to the rear, head and body will front of the form. Make a left middle block and a simultaneous right punch. Repeat #s 46, 47, 48, and 49.
  50. Right foot moves forward, the body and head will face the left side of the form
  51. Step with the right foot, the body and head will face the rear of the form
  52. Raise the right foot and make a high block with the right hand while making a left hand low block
  53. Both hands will come together, keep the right foot raised and reverse the hands
  54. Bend the right knee and stomp with the left foot and repeat the moves from #s 52, 53, 54
  55. The right foot stays the same. The left foot will step forward one step to the right side of the form. The head and body will turn to the right side of the form.
  56. The left foot will make a front kick and the right hand will be chambered and ready for an attack.
  57. The same motion as #55 and #56 except reverse the left and the right
  58. The same motion as #57 except reverse the left and the right
  59. The left foot will face front, make a right low block to the front of the form
  60. Same as #11, except the body and head will be in different direction'
  61. Same motion as #12 except the direction
  62. Facing the front of the form, the body turns to the left side, the right foot will come together with the left foot.
  63. Bend the knees and extend both arms, the right fist will punch upward.
  64. Jump and turn to the left. The body and head turn to the rear of the form. Land in a horse stance
  65. The left hand makes a block to the front and the right fist makes a low block
  66. The left foot will come to the right foot, the body and head will be facing the rear of the form. the left fist makes a low block and the right fist will execute a punch.
  67. The left foot will face the right side and you will take one step. the left foot will be in a fighting stance. The body and head will face the right side of the form.
  68. Facing East, the right foot will move one step. Make a left then right punch.
  69. Same motion as #41.
  70. Same motion as #66 except the direction and the body and head will face the front
  71. Same motion as #70 except the left foot will raise to the right knee.
  72. Same motion as #7
  73. Same motion as #7
  74. Same motion as #9
  75. Same motion as #20
  76. Same motion as #21 Reverse of #75
  77. Same motion as #76, Reverse the direction
  78. Same motion as #77, Reverse the direction
  79. Same motion as #78, Reverse the direction
  80. The face and head will face the rear, same motion as #55.
  81. Turning towards the right side, same motion as #56
  82. As the left foot touches the ground land in a fighting stance with your head facing the left side of the form. Make a left punch and chamber the right fist.
  83. Same motion as #82. Except the reverse the left and the right.
  84. Same motion as #3
  85. Same motion as #2

See Also Edit

Many of the forms often used in Traditional Taekwondo are included in the following table. In developing his Moo Duk Kwan curriculum, Hwang Kee assigned symbols, listed below, to many of the forms.

Family / Origin Forms
Basic beginner forms developed by Hwang Kee in 1947.

Kicho Hyeong Il Bu
Kicho Hyeong Ee Bu
Kicho Hyeong Sam Bu

Later variants of the beginner forms, developed by the World Tang Soo Do Association; these emphasize earlier training in kicking.

Sae Kye Hyeong Il Bu
Sae Kye Hyeong Ee Bu
Sae Kye Hyeong Sam Bu

Pyung Ahn forms, also called Pinan and Heian forms. From Shotokan Karate, developed approx. 1870 as beginner forms. Symbol: The Tortoise

Pyung Ahn Cho-Dan
Pyung Ahn Ee-Dan
Pyung Ahn Sam-Dan
Pyung Ahn Sa-Dan
Pyung Ahn Oh-Dan

Naihanchi forms, from Shotokan Karate. Also called Chul-Gi, Keema, and Tekki. Symbol: The Horse

Naihanchi Cho-Dan
Naihanchi Ee-Dan
Naihanchi Sam-Dan

Bassai forms, Escaping the Fortress, also called Pal-Sek. Adapted into Shotokan Karate but originally from Kung Fu. Symbol: The Cobra

Bassai Sho
Bassai Dai (or simply Bassai)

Adapted from Shotokan Karate. Symbol: The Crane

Jin Do
Rohai (also called Lohai or Meikyo)

From the karate form Kūsankū. Symbol: The Eagle Kong-Sang-Koon
From the karate form Enpi. Symbol: The Bird Wang Shu (also called Empi)
From the karate form Seisan. Symbol: The Preying Mantis Sei-Shan
Ji-On forms, adapted from Shotokan Karate.

Ji-On, Symbol: The Ram
Jit-te (also called Ship Soo), Symbol: The Bear

From the karate form Gojūshiho. Symbol: The Tiger

O Sip Sa Bo (also called Gojūshiho)
E Sip Sa Bo (also called Nijūshiho)

Adapted by Hwang Kee from Kung Fu and T'ai Chi.

So Rim Jang Kwon
Hwa Sun
Tae Kuk Kwan

Chil Sung, the Seven Stars developed by Hwang Kee in approx. 1952

Chil Sung Il Ro
Chil Sung Ee Ro
Chil Sung Sam Ro
Chil Sung Sa Ro
Chil Sung Oh Ro
Chil Sung Yook Ro
Chil Sung Chil Ro

Yook Ro, the Six-Fold Path developed by Hwang Kee in approx. 1958, inspired by the Muye Dobo Tongji.

Yook Ro Cho Dan - Du Mun
Yook Ro Ee Dan - Joong Jol
Yook Ro Sam Dan - Po Wol
Yook Ro Sam Dan - Yang Pyun
Yook Ro Oh Dan - Sal Chu
Yook Ro Yook Dan - Choong Ro

See Taekwondo Forms for additional information.

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