Taekwondo is known primarily for kicks and strikes, but some styles of taekwondo also involve a variety of additional grappling techniques. Grappling is a generic term that covers a wide variety of techniques not involving strikes, kicks, or the use of weapons. Grappling techniques can be broadly subdivided into the following categories:
- Clinching takes place with both competitors on their feet using various "clinch holds" (such as a Bear Hug, for example) applied to the upper body of the opponent. Clinch work is generally used to set up or defend against throws or takedowns.
- Takedowns A takedown is used by one grappler to manipulate his opponent from a position where both are initially standing, to a position on the ground. The grappler completing the takedown aims to end on top of the opponent in a position of relative control.
- Throws: A throw is a technique in which one grappler lifts or off-balances his opponent and maneuvers him forcefully through the air or to the ground. The purpose of throws varies among the different disciplines of grappling with some emphasizing throws with the potential to incapacitate the opponent, while leaving the thrower standing, or to gain a takedown or controlling position.
- Sprawling: A sprawl is a defensive technique done usually when the opponent attempts a takedown. It is performed by shifting the legs backwards and spread out in one fast motion. If done correctly one will land on their opponent's back and gain control.
- Submission holds: There are generally two types of submission holds:
- those that would potentially strangle or suffocate an opponent (chokes), and
- those that would potentially cause injury to a joint or other body part (joint locks).
- In sport grappling, a competitor is expected to submit, either verbally or by tapping the opponent, to admit defeat when he is caught in a submission hold that he cannot escape. Competitors who refuse to "tap out" risk unconsciousness or serious injury.
- Securing or Controlling Techniques: A pin involves holding an opponent on his back in a position where he is unable to attack. In some styles of competitive grappling a pin is an instant victory, and in other styles it is considered a dominant position that is rewarded with points. Other controlling techniques are used to hold an opponent face down on the ground or on all fours in order to prevent an escape or attack. Either of these types of technique may also be used as a prelude to a submission hold.
- Escapes: In a general sense, an escape is accomplished by maneuvering out of danger or from an inferior position; for example when a grappler who is underneath side control moves to guard or gets back to a neutral standing position, or when a grappler is able to maneuver out of a submission attempt and back to a position where he is no longer in immediate danger of being submitted.
- Turnovers: used to maneuver an opponent who is on all fours or flat on their stomach to their back, in order to score points, prepare for a pin or in order to gain a more dominant position.
- Reversals or Sweeps: These occur when a grappler who was underneath his opponent on the ground is able to maneuver so that he gains a top position over his opponent.
Throws usually involve a rotating motion, the practitioner performing the throw disconnects with the opponent, and ends balanced and on their feet as opposed to a takedown where both finish on the ground. Throws can however also be followed into a top position, in which case the person executing the throw does not disengage from the opponent. Certain throwing techniques called sacrifice throws involve putting oneself in a potentially disadvantageous position, such as on the ground, in order to execute a throw.
Neomgigg (넘기기) Throwing-down or tripping-up:
- Georeo-neomgigi (걸어넘기기) Tripping-up Technique or Sweeping Technique
- Balmok-georeo-neomgigi / 발목 걸어넘기기 - Ankle Tripping-up Technique
- Ogeum-georeo-neomgigi / 오금 걸어넘기기 - Inner Knee Tripping-up Technique
- Deureo-neomgigi (들어넘기기) Throwing-down Technique
- Ogeum-deureo-neomgigi / 오금 들어넘기기 - Inner Knee Throwing down Technique
When standing it is a technique used to take an opponent to the ground by knocking their legs out from under them, so is classed as a throw or takedown. The force of the sweep either runs perpendicular to the opponent's leg or rises as it strikes the leg, lifting the foot from the ground. A sweep can be used to take the opponent to the ground or it can simply disrupt the opponent's balance long enough to make an opening for a punch or kick.
- Georeo-neomgigi ( 걸어넘기기 ) Tripping-up Technique or Sweeping Technique
- Balmok-georeo-neomgigi / 발목 걸어넘기기 / Ankle Tripping-up Technique
- Ogeum-georeo-neomgigi / 오금 걸어넘기기 / Inner Knee Tripping-up Technique
Joint Locks Edit
- Nulleo-kkeokgi (눌러꺾기) Pressing and Snapping
- Mureup-nulleo-kkeokgi / 무릎 눌러꺾기 / Knee Pressing and Snapping
- Palgup-nulleo-kkeokgi / 팔굽 눌러꺾기 / Elbow Pressing and Snapping
- Biteureo-kkeokgi (비틀어꺾기) Twisting and Snapping
- Sonmok-biteureo-kkeokgi / 손목 비틀어꺾기 / Wrist Joint Twist & Snapping
- Palgup-biteureo-kkeokgi / 팔굽 비틀어꺾기 / Elbow Twist & Snapping
See Also Edit
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