Kukkiwon/ World Taekwondo Federation (WTF)-style taekwondo does not have a standard, proscribed set of beginner poomsae (forms). Different Kukkiwon/WTF-affiliated schools use different introductory forms. The first form defined by Kukkiwon/WTF is Taegeuk Il Jang but many schools prefer to introduce simpler, school-defined forms for beginning students. These forms are often called kicho hyung (also spelled kicho hyeong) or kibon poomsae. Both phrases translate to English as "basic form."
Typical examples of beginner forms include:
Some schools use additional Kibon forms as well, Kibon Net (4) and Kibon Dasset (5), though this is less common, probably because the three Kibon forms are implemented to parallel the three kicho hyung developed in 1947 as part of Traditional Taekwondo.
Common Characteristics Edit
Though different schools use different basic forms, these forms often share some common characteristics:
- Unlike the Taegeuk poomsae which are done on three lines, basic forms are often performed in place, on just one line, or two lines. If the basic forms are performed on two lines, they are usually implemented as variations of the kicho hyung.
- Basic forms often incorporate some fundamental techniques in a repetitive manner in order to better drill on the fundamentals: front stances, low blocks, middle punches, etc.
See Also Edit
- Poomsae.me provides examples of fairly typical basic forms