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Statue of Kim Yushin

Statue of Kim Yoo-Sin in Namsan Park, Seoul, South Korea

Yoo-Sin is one of the 3rd degree black belt forms used in IFT-style taekwondo.Yoo Sin is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 C.E., the year Korea was united. The ready posture in this form signifies a sword being drawn from the right rather than the left, symbolising Yoo Sin’s mistake of following the kings orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.

Kim Yoo-Sin became a Hwa Rang at the age of 15 and was an accomplished swordsman by the time he was 18 years old. By the age of 34 he had been given the command of the Silla armed forces. He is regarded as the driving force in the unification of the Korean peninsula and the most famous of all the generals in the unification wars. Kim Yoo-Sin was active on all fronts in the wars, and at several times simultaneously conducted battles against both Paekche and Koguryo. He defeated the great Paekche general Gae-Baek in the battle in which Gae-Back was killed. Once, while Silla was allied with China against Paekche, a heated argument began between Kim Yoo-Sin's commander and a Chinese general. As the argument escalated into a potentially bloody confrontation, the sword of Kim Yoo-Sin was said to have leaped from its scabbard into his hand. Because the sword of a warrior was believed to be his soul, this occurrence so frightened the Chinese general blat he immediately apologized to the Silla officers. Incidences such as this kept the Chinese in awe of the Hwa Rang. In later years when asked by the Chinese emperor to attack Silla, the Chinese generals claimed that although Silla was small, it could not be defeated. Kim Yoo-Sin lived to the age of 79 and is considered one of Korea's most famous generals. He had five sons, who along with his wife, contributed great deeds to the historical records of the Hwa Rang.

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Yoo-Sin01:40

Yoo-Sin


Diagram Edit

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Written Instructions Edit

Lines Yoosin

The lines of Yoosin (student view)

  • Ready Posture: Warrior Ready Stance B
  • Step 1. Move the left foot to B to form a sitting stance toward D while extending both elbows to the sides horizontally.
  • Step 2. Execute an angle punch to C with the left fist while sliding to A, maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  • Step 3. Execute an angle punch to C with the right fist while sliding to B, maintaining a sitting stance toward D. Perform 2 and 3 in a fast motion.
  • Step 4. Execute a middle hooking block to D with the right palm while standing up toward D.
  • Step 5. Execute a middle punch to D with the left fist while forming a sitting stance toward D.
  • Step 6. Execute a middle hooking block to D with the left palm while standing up toward D.
  • Step 7. Execute a middle punch to D with the right fist while forming a sitting stance toward D.
  • Step 8. Move the left foot to BD to form a left walking stance toward BD while executing a high side block to BD with the left outer forearm.
  • Step 9. Execute a circular block to D with the right inner forearm while maintaining a left walking stance toward BD.
  • Step 10. Execute a scooping block with the left palm while forming a sitting stance toward AD.
  • Step 11. Execute a middle punch to AD with the right fist while maintaining a sitting stance toward AD. Perform 10 and 11 in a connecting motion.
  • Step 12. Bring the left foot to the right foot, and then move the right foot to AD to form a right walking stance toward AD while executing a high side block to AD with the right outer forearm.
  • Step 13. Execute a circular block to D with the left inner forearm while maintaining a right walking stance toward AD.
  • Step 14. Execute a scooping block with the right palm while forming a sitting stance toward BD.
  • Step 15. Execute a middle punch to BD with the left fist while maintaining a right walking stance toward BD. Perform 14 and 15 in a connecting motion.
  • Step 16. Execute a high hooking block to BC with the right palm while forming a left walking stance toward BC.
  • Step 17. Execute a middle punch to BD with the left fist while forming a sitting stance toward BD.
  • Step 18. Execute a high hooking block to AD with the left palm while forming a right walking stance toward AD.
  • Step 19. Execute a middle punch to BD with the right fist while forming sitting stance toward BD. Perform 16, 17, 18 and 19 in a continuous motion.
  • Step 20. Move the right foot to C, forming a left walking stance toward D at the same time executing a pressing block with an X-fist.
  • Step 21. Execute a rising block with an X-knife-hand while maintaining a left walking stance toward D. Perform 20 and 21 in a continuous motion.
  • Step 22. Execute a middle punch to D with the right fist, slipping the left palm up to the right elbow joint while maintaining a left walking stance toward D.
  • Step 23. Execute a low front snap kick to D with the right foot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 22.
  • Step 24. Lower the right foot to D, forming a right walking stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the left fist.
  • Step 25. Execute a pressing block with an X-fist while maintaining a right walking stance toward D.
  • Step 26. Execute a rising block with an X-knife-hand while maintaining a right walking stance toward D. Perform 25 and 26 in a continuous motion.
  • Step 27. Execute a middle punch to D with the left fist slipping the right palm up to the left elbow joint while maintaining a right walking stance toward D.
  • Step 28. Execute a low front snap kick to D with the left foot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 27.
  • Step 29. Lower the left foot to D to form a left walking stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.
  • Step 30. Move the right foot to D, forming a left L-stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with a knife-hand.
  • Step 31. Move the left foot to D to form a right L-stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with a knife-hand.
  • Step 32. Move the left foot to C, forming a left L-stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with a knife-hand.
  • Step 33. Move the right foot to C to form a right L-stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with a knife-hand.
  • Step 34. Move the right foot to D, forming a right walking stance toward D while executing a high block to D with the right double forearm.
  • Step 35. Execute a low block to D with the left forearm, keeping the right forearm as it was in 34 while maintaining a right walking stance toward D. Perform 34 and 35 in a fast motion.
  • Step 36. Move the left foot to D to form a left walking stance toward D while executing a high block to D with the left double forearm.
  • Step 37. Execute a low block to D with the right forearm, keeping the left forearm as it was in 36 while maintaining a left walking stance toward D. Perform 36 and 37 in a fast motion.
  • Step 38. Move the right foot to D, forming aright walking stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.
  • Step 39. Move the left foot on line CD, and then turn counter-clockwise, pivoting with the left foot to form a right L-stance toward C while executing a high block to C with the left reverse knife-hand.
  • Step 40. Bring the right foot to the left foot to form a closed ready stance C toward C.
  • Step 41. Move the right foot to CF in a stamping motion to form a right walking stance toward CF at the same time executing an upset punch to CF with a twin fist.
  • Step 42. Bring the right foot to the left foot, and then move the left foot to CE in a stamping motion, forming a left walking stance toward CE while executing an upset punch to CE with a twin fist.
  • Step 43. Bring the left foot to the right foot, and then move the right foot to F to form a left L-stance toward F while executing a middle block to F with the right inner forearm.
  • Step 44. Execute a middle punch to F with the left fist while maintaining a left L-stance toward F.
  • Step 45. Bring the left foot to the right foot to form a closed stance toward C while executing an angle punch with the right fist. Perform in a slow motion.
  • Step 46. Move the left foot to E to form a right L-stance toward E while executing a middle block to E with the left inner forearm.
  • Step 47. Execute a middle punch to E with the right fist while maintaining a right L-stance toward E.
  • Step 48. Bring the right foot to the left foot to form a close stance toward C while executing an angle punch with the left fist. Perform in a slow motion.
  • Step 49. Move the left foot to E to form a left fixed stance toward E while executing a U-shape punch to E.
  • Step 50. Bring the left foot to the right foot, and then move the right foot to E, forming a right fixed stance toward E while executing a U-shape punch to E.
  • Step 51. Move the right foot on line CD in a stamping motion to form a sitting stance toward E while executing a front strike to E with the right back fist.
  • Step 52. Execute a waving kick to D with the right foot, and then a high outward block to AC with the right outer forearm, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 51 while forming a sitting stance toward E.
  • Step 53. Execute a waving kick to C with the left foot, and then a high front block to ED with the right outer forearm, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 52 while forming a sitting stance toward E.
  • Step 54. Execute a horizontal strike to C with the right back hand while maintaining a sitting stance toward E.
  • Step 55. Execute a middle crescent kick to the right palm with the left foot.
  • Step 56. Execute a middle side piercing kick to C with the left foot forming a forearm guarding block. Perform 55 and 56 in a consecutive kick.
  • Step 57. Lower the left foot to C to form a sitting stance toward B while executing a horizontal strike to C with the left back hand.
  • Step 58. Execute a middle crescent kick to the left palm with the right foot.
  • Step 59. Execute a middle side piercing kick to C with the right foot, forming a forearm guarding block. Perform 58 and 59 in a consecutive kick.
  • Step 60. Lower the right foot to C, forming a sitting stance toward A while executing a right 9-shape block.
  • Step 61. Change the position of the hands while maintaining a sitting stance toward A.
  • Step 62. Move the left foot to C, turning clockwise to form a sitting stance toward B while executing a right 9-shape block.
  • Step 63. Change the position of the hands while maintaining a sitting stance toward B.
  • Step 64. Execute a downward strike to D with the right side fist while forming a left vertical stance toward, pulling the left foot.
  • Step 65. Move the right foot to A to form a left walking stance toward B while executing a high vertical punch to B with a twin fist.
  • Step 66. Move the right foot to B, turning counter-clockwise to form a left walking stance toward A while executing a high vertical punch to A with a twin fist.
  • Step 67. Bring the right foot to the left foot, and ten move the left foot to BD to form a right L-stance toward BD while executing a middle guarding block to BD with a knife-hand.
  • Step 68. Bring the left foot to the right foot, and then move the right foot to AD to form a left L-stance toward AD while executing a middle guarding block to AD with a knife-hand.
  • End: Bring the foot back to a ready position

Black Belt Forms Edit

The ITF-style Black Belt forms are:

Forms no longer used:

* Ko-Dang is an older form, replaced with Juche. Ko-Dang is still taught in some schools however.

U-Nam is an ITF/Chang Hon-style form that appears only in the 1959 edition of Choi Hong Hi's Tae Kwon Do Teaching Manual.

References Edit

The primary reference is:

The following websites are also particularly good online references for ITF-style taekwondo:

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